Cucumber

Vegetables

Summary

The cucumber is a creeping vine that roots in the ground and grows up trellises or other supporting frames, wrapping around supports with thin, spiraling tendrils. The plant may also root in a soilless medium, whereby it will sprawl along the ground in lieu of a supporting structure. The vine has large leaves that form a canopy over the fruits.

Description

The fruit of typical cultivars of cucumber is roughly cylindrical, but elongated with tapered ends, and may be as large as 62 centimeters (24 in) long and 10 centimeters (4 in) in diameter.

Additional Info

Cucumber fruits consist of 95% water. In botanical terms, the cucumber is classified as a pepo, a type of botanical berry with a hard outer rind and no internal divisions. However, much like tomatoes and squashes, it is often perceived, prepared, and eaten as a vegetable

Varieties

Burpless, Northern Pickling, Straight 8, Mexican Sour Gherkin, Salad Bush


Details

Seasons:
Colors

N/A

Habits
  • Spreading
Exposure
  • Full Sun
Moisture
  • Average Water
  • Moist
Height:

N/A

Spread:

N/A

Zone:

N/A

Uses
  • Baskets
  • Containers
  • Vegetable Garden
Features
  • Edible Fruit/Foliage
Sub-Categories
  • Vegetables
Growing Tips

Cucumbers require warm, dry conditions to develop optimally, preferring both warm days and warm nights and growing best at a temperature of 30°C (86°F). Cucumber vines are sprawling and require plenty space to grow. Vines can be trained to grow on a trellis or fence.

Watering

Cucumbers also require a continuous supply of water and where drip irrigation is not being used, plants should be watered deeply once per week, providing at least an inch of water.

Fertilizing

As vine crops, cucumbers are heavy feeders. Start with a rich soil and side dress with compost once the plants start blooming. Give them another dressing or dose of fertilizer about three to four weeks later, in mid-season.


Related Vegetables

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